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TB Meningitis 9/29/2009 Morning Report Maggie Davis Hovda Incidence 2005: In the US there were 186 cases of meningeal TB, which accounted for 6.3% of all extrapulmonary TB In NC, there were 5 cases, 6.9% 2007: In the US, there were 170 cases of meningeal TB, again 6.3% of cases In NC, there were ...
Date added: February 12, 2012 - Views: 183
Meningitis Bacterial Viral ( aseptic) TB Fungal Chemical Parasitic ? Carcinomatous Meningitis Definition Bacterial meningitis is an inflammatory response to bacterial infection of the pia-arachnoid and CSF of the subarachnoid space Epidemiology Incidence is between 3-5 per 100,000 More than ...
Date added: September 24, 2011 - Views: 137
Complications associated with encephalitis and ICP TB Meningitis Usually insidious: difficult to diagnose in early stages (fever 30%, URTI 20%) Rare in children in developed countries If untreated is usually fatal Meningitis usually occurs 3-6mths after primary infection 1 stage-lasts 1-2wk, ...
Date added: May 26, 2013 - Views: 26
Miliary TB Meningitis: MRI Findings in Three Patients. 1Kartikasalwah AbdLatif, 1Mohd Nazri MN, ... Tuberculosis of the central nervous system (CNS) is one of the most serious form of infection caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis. It is associated with significant morbidity and mortality.
Date added: November 6, 2012 - Views: 29
... 29.9% TB meningitis – 28.9% Meningitis unspecified – 12.2% Viral meningitis – 10.5% Brain abscess – 8.1% Cryptococcal meningitis – 2.0% Tuberculoma – 1.6% Others – 3.3% Local experience in bacterial meningitis (Handumon 2000) ...
Date added: October 20, 2011 - Views: 89
Cryptococcal meningitis and tuberculosis: Key considerations on when to start ART? Dr. Andrew D Kambugu. Infectious Diseases Institute. Makerere University College of Health sciences
Date added: October 22, 2013 - Views: 16
Meningitis Commonly Asked Questions Stephen J. Gluckman, M.D. Meningitis – Who was awake? Which of the following are true about cryptococcal meningitis?
Date added: October 7, 2011 - Views: 82
Ethambutol/Ethionamide (ETH) Typically 6 month tx: all 4 drugs x 2 months, then INH/RIF x 4 months TB meningitis and disseminated TB: 9-12mo 4 drugs x 2mo, then 2 drugs x 7-10 mo. MDR and XDR TB: 4-6 drugs for 18-24 months HIV coinfection: ...
Date added: September 8, 2011 - Views: 63
... Granulomas in glomeruli heal or caseate Dysuria and hematuria IVP helpful Upper and lower GU tract Tuberculous Meningitis and Tuberculoma Tuberculoma Seizures and focal signs CT or MRI: contrast-enhanced ring lesions Miliary Tuberculosis Hematogenously disseminated TB Lesions are ...
Date added: October 30, 2011 - Views: 131
Because TB meningitis is a deadly disease, it may be more likely to be correctly reported. ... Global Epidemiology of Pediatric Tuberculosis (TB) Author: nchstp\dtbe Last modified by: Connie Gates Created Date: 9/28/2002 4:29:31 PM Document presentation format:
Date added: June 11, 2012 - Views: 28
Meningitis and Encephalitis: Diagnosis and Treatment Update Definitions Meningitis – inflammation of the meninges Encephalitis – infection of the brain parenchyma Meningoencephalitis – inflammation of brain + meninges Aseptic meningitis – inflammation of meninges with sterile CSF ...
Date added: March 23, 2014 - Views: 7
1889- First procedure to access the dural space consisted of a cut down procedure to help decrease intracranial pressure in people in TB meningitis by Walter Essex Wynter
Date added: February 13, 2013 - Views: 28
... .15 mg/kg q 6 hours x 4 days Corticosteroids also important in management of TB meningitis Case Answers HIV Elisa negative, HIV RNA PCR negative HSV, VZV pcr negative Gram stain, culture negative Lyme ab negative, RPR/VDRL negative Enteroviral PCR of stool and CSF: positive Rash: ...
Date added: September 8, 2013 - Views: 10
Meningitis, caused by a bacteria, is life threatening and requires urgent medical attention and treatment with antibiotics. Meningitis caused by a virus is very rarely life threatening but can cause the body to become very weak.
Date added: May 8, 2012 - Views: 69
... 1990 TB MENINGITIS primary seeding caseous lesion adjacent meninges growth/discharge usually insidious prophylaxis is preventive TB ... activation PULMONARY TUBERCULOSIS LOOK ALIKE... TB IN CHILDREN SUMMARY There is no such thing as a positive PPD from just “being exposed” to ...
Date added: November 12, 2011 - Views: 72
TREATMENT OF TUBERCULOSIS, 2003 American Thoracic Society Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Infectious Diseases Society of America
Date added: October 16, 2011 - Views: 47
Meningitis and Encephalitis in the Older Patient Debra Bynum, MD Division of Geriatric Medicine University of North Carolina Chapel Hill April 2007
Date added: September 24, 2011 - Views: 124
Meet EPI Support full coverage of BCG to newborns (quality of services, evaluation, documentation) Meet NTP TB meningitis, strains from pts < 15 yrs (quality of services, evaluation, documentation) BCG status of TB pts (by scar) recording Meet NHAP HIV+ among TB pts; ...
Date added: July 8, 2012 - Views: 8
Several reports detail poor outcomes of DR-TB meningitis. Most of the patients were HIV-infected and developed meningitis while already on treatment. Mortality in 2 series from South Africa, 1 in adults and 1 in children, ranged from 57% to 88%.
Date added: May 2, 2013 - Views: 12
Tuberculosis and the Immune Reconstitution Inflammatory Syndrome (IRIS) Bob Colebunders Definition ‘a paradoxical inflammatory reaction against a foreign antigen (alive or dead) in patients who have started antiretroviral therapy and who have undergone a reconstitution of their immune ...
Date added: October 27, 2011 - Views: 21
MENINGITIS Laurie J Burton, MD PEM Fellows Conference December 6, 2006 ... (>25 percent) can be seen in the CSF differential count Tb meningitis cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) white blood cell count of <1000/mm3, clear appearance of CSF, ...
Date added: May 9, 2012 - Views: 85
BACTERIAL AND MYCOBACTERIAL INFECTIONS OF THE CNS Outline Acute bacterial meningitis Tb of the CNS Neurosyphilis ACUTE BACTERIAL MENINGITIS An acute inflammatory disease of the leptomeninges Bacteria may gain access to the ventriculo-subarachnoid space: - hematogenous-in the course of ...
Date added: June 29, 2014 - Views: 2
In TB meningitis : Steroids are always ... Tahoma Arial Wingdings 2 Wingdings Calibri Brush Script MT Opulent 1_Opulent 2_Opulent 3_Opulent 4_Opulent Role of corticosteroids in TB Hint on Extrapulmonary TB: Types of xtrapulmonary TB: Disseminated ...
Date added: May 2, 2013 - Views: 10
Cryptococcal relapse TB meningitis Immune Reconstitution Syndrome (IRIS) Chikungunya 34 yo male HIV+, newly diagnosed presents to healthcare. To determine whether HIV antiretroviral medications are needed, most developing country programs base need for ARVs on: ...
Date added: December 12, 2013 - Views: 11
New England TB Control Program HIV and TB Joseph Gadbaw, Jr., MD Lawrence and Memorial Hospital New London, CT
Date added: March 13, 2012 - Views: 7
Microbiological Causes Of Chronic Cerebral Infection And Meningitis. A –Bacterial, Most important. a)Tuberculosis in Saudi Arabia
Date added: November 14, 2013 - Views: 9
BCG protects infants against tb meningitis and miliary disease No evidence of any BCG induced protective effective in HIV ... point of care LTBI: latent tuberculosis infection Dx Active TB Sputum-smear microscopy for pulmonary TB FM, conventional, LED FM • When serial sputum ...
Date added: September 18, 2013 - Views: 17
Module 5: Principles of Treatment Session Overview Aims of TB Treatment General Principles Treatment Guidelines Learning Objectives Describe 3 basic principles of TB treatment Explain the difference between the 4 treatment categories (Cat I-IV) Understand and describe when and why a regimen may ...
Date added: June 2, 2013 - Views: 4
With a potential or known TB, meningitis, influenza, respiratory MRSA, whooping cough, rubella or V.R.E. patient, ... Viral meningitis is contagious. The viruses that most often cause viral meningitis are spread person to person through fecal contamination ...
Date added: May 10, 2013 - Views: 9
Deficits: TB meningitis must be considered (because there is often basilar meningitis) * CSF: High protein, Low glucose, lymphocytic pleocytosis * This CSF pattern seen in other disease, thus if TB meningitis highly suspected (tve, TST CSF ...
Date added: February 14, 2012 - Views: 6
Treatment the same as pulmonary TB CNS Syphilis Secondary Aseptic meningitis Tertiary Meningovascular General Paresis Tabes ... IDSA Guidelines Cryptococcal Meningitis Treatment One More Thing Acute HIV Infection HIV Dementia Tuberculous Meningitis CNS Syphilis Slide 34 ...
Date added: November 14, 2011 - Views: 72
Botswana National Tuberculosis Programme Manual Training for Medical Officers ... Answer 2 Treatment should begin right away when TB meningitis is one of the likely diagnoses Diagnosis of TB meningitis can be supported by: ...
Date added: October 13, 2012 - Views: 11
There are bilateral pleural effusions in this patient with constrictive calcific pericarditis due to previous tuberculosis Miliary TB C×R: ... Anergy Bone marrow or liver biopsy may be diagnostic TB Meningitis Age: ...
Date added: May 3, 2013 - Views: 31
Cryptococcal Meningitis Dr N Thumbiran ... AIDS- CD4 47cells/uL, not on ARVs Miliary TB on anti-TB treatment Crypto meningitis: Persistent headaches Persistently high opening pressures Deafness – 2 weeks into admission Loss of vision ...
Date added: November 4, 2011 - Views: 39
TB in TennesseeThe Good, the Bad, and the Ugly. Jason Cummins, MPH. April 30, 2014. ... Pediatric TB Meningitis Case. 28 month-old Hispanic male. Source case: maternal grandmother. Brain tissue was AFB smear-positive and culture positive for TB. Sequelae:
Date added: May 31, 2014 - Views: 1
... cells mainly polys,few lymphocytes Bacteria in Gram stain Markedly raised protein Reduced or absent glucose CSF in TB meningitis Clear or slightly ... Sens.testing Anti TB * * Gram stain of N.gonorrhoea Gram stain of Neisseria meningitis Haemorrhagic rash Death from Waterhouse ...
Date added: December 9, 2011 - Views: 69
How is TB different in children? Most children are smear-negative. Difficult to diagnose. Children are prone to severe types of TB such as TB meningitis
Date added: August 28, 2014 - Views: 1
Latent TB Infection (LTBI) Treatment. Rationale. To prevent the development of active disease. Component of TB control. Durability of protection against reactivation depends on regional prevalence of TB and risk for reexposure
Date added: August 25, 2014 - Views: 1
Tuberculosis Objectives Know current epidemiologic trends in TB Know indications for testing for TB exposure and the tests available Be familiar with treatments for latent tuberculosis infections Background Epidemiology 9 million Cases Annually >1/3 in India and China Reported TB Cases* United ...
Date added: May 28, 2013 - Views: 17
An “attenuated” strain of M tuberculosis that does not Cause disease but can stimulate the immune ... BCG is clearly effective against miliary TB and TB meningitis But its effectiveness against pulmonary TB is controversial http://www.cheng.cam.ac.uk/ New attenuated strain vaccines and ...
Date added: June 11, 2012 - Views: 14
TB meningitis < 1/2 serum, often < 10 >100. 50-500. Lymphocyte predominant. Negative. Imaging? ** CT of the head is necessary before LP in patients with signs or symptoms of increased ICP and should be considered for ... Good Morning! Last modified by:
Date added: August 12, 2013 - Views: 6
... Urine samples for TB disease of kidneys Fluid samples from area around spine for TB meningitis 5. Bacteriologic Examination (8) ... Test for TB Infection (2) Patients with symptoms of TB disease should always be evaluated for TB disease, ...
Date added: September 23, 2011 - Views: 121
TB of lymph nodes: swelling of lymph nodes TB meningitis: neurological symptoms including headache Spinal TB: Mobility impairments, ... Roman Wingdings Times Helvetica ヒラギノ明朝 ProN W3 Blank Presentation Tuberculosis A Brief History of Tuberculosis (TB) A Brief History of ...
Date added: February 22, 2013 - Views: 40
Title: TB and HIV Coinfection: What Every Health Care Professional Should Know Author: Vipra Ghimire Last modified by: Vipra Ghimire Created Date
Date added: March 28, 2014 - Views: 3
Most effective Bactericidal agent Pyrazinamide (bactericidal active against intracellular dividing forms of M. tuberculosis, main effect only in 1st 2/12, useful in TB meningitis as good meningeal penetration) [Combination=RIFATER] If resistance likely add ethambutol (if previous TB, ...
Date added: November 11, 2011 - Views: 49
Introduction CNS TB is a granulomatous infection caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis It is hematogenously spread from a primary focus, ... Tuberculosis, CNS. Petechial hemorrhages in the subcortical white matter of the brain as a result of tuberculosis meningitis–associated vasculitis.
Date added: November 14, 2011 - Views: 37
Meningitis. Dr; Abdulrahman Al shaikh definition Inflammatory disease of leptomeninges, the tissue surrounding the brain and spinal cord. The meninges consist of three parts : the pia, arachnoid ; and dura maters.
Date added: September 24, 2011 - Views: 19