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Title: **Analog**/**Digital** **Conversion** Author: Diane T. Rover Last modified by: Akhilesh Tyagi Created Date: 9/3/2002 9:10:46 AM Document presentation format

http://class.ece.iastate.edu/arun/Cpre381_Sp06/lectures/adc.ppt

Date added: **October 21, 2012** - Views: **101**

Analogue **to** **Digital** **Conversion** - MyWeb at WIT

... **analog** **to** **digital** **conversion** is similar but different. ... We need **to** know the number of bits used in the A/D converter. V max /(2#bits) ... By using a simple **formula** the binary number can tell us what the input voltage is. How? Real World Values.

http://myweb.wit.edu/johnsont/Classes/244/Analogue%20to%20Digital%20Conversion.pptx

Date added: **December 15, 2013** - Views: **8**

**Digital** Coding of **Analog** Signal ... A/D **conversion** f(t) T fs(t) Sampling Sampling Impulse Sampling with increasing sampling time T EE 541/451 Fall 2006 Introduction Math, cont. Interpolation **Formula** If the sampling is at exactly the Nyquist rate, ...

http://amitdegada.weebly.com/uploads/4/8/8/0/488033/digital_coding_of_analog_signal_ut1.ppt

Date added: **January 31, 2012** - Views: **72**

DATA COMMUNICATION Lecture-17 Recap of ... (Figure) Bandwidth requirements for ASK are calculated using the **formula** BW = (1+d ... Times New Roman Arial Wingdings eco DATA COMMUNICATION Recap of Lecture 16 Overview of Lecture 17 **Digital** **To** **Analog** **Conversion** **Digital** **To** **Analog** **Conversion** Variation ...

http://vulms.vu.edu.pk/Courses/CS601/Downloads/DC-Lec-17.ppt

Date added: **February 15, 2013** - Views: **236**

Slide 1

... Data and Signals 3.1 **Analog** and **Digital** 3.2 **Analog**-**to**-**Analog** **Conversion** 3.3 **Digital** Signals 3.4 Transmission Impairment 3.5 Data-rate Limits 3.6 Performance 3-6 PERFORMANCE One important issue in networking is the ... However, the Nyquist **formula** is more general than what we derived ...

http://www.cse.unr.edu/~mgunes/cpe400/cpe400f08/Lecture25.ppt

Date added: **May 16, 2012** - Views: **120**

Continuous-Time Signal Analysis: The Fourier Transform

Chapter Outline. Sampling Theorem. Pulse Code Modulation (PCM) **Digital** Telephony: PCM IN T1 Carrier Systems. **Digital** Multiplexing. Differential Pulse Code Modulation (DPCM)

http://www.engineering.uco.edu/~mbingabr/Communication/Ch6_SamplingAnalogDigitalConversion.pptx

Date added: **April 22, 2014** - Views: **1**

PowerPoint Presentation

**Digital** **to** **Analog** **Conversion** **Digital** data needs **to** be carried on an ... lies between 0 and 1. Frequency Shift Keying The **digital** data stream changes the frequency of the carrier signal, fc. For example, a “1” could be ... We can use the **formula** for bandwidth **to** find the bit ...

http://www.ics.uci.edu/%7Emagda/Courses/netsys270/ch5_1_v1.ppt

Date added: **November 12, 2011** - Views: **76**

**Digital** **to** **Analog** Converters. Alexander Gurney What is a DAC? ... Binary **to** **Analog** **Conversion**. 1011. 1001. 1010. 0111. 1000. 0110. 0101. 0100. 0011. 0010. 0001. 0000. **Digital** Input Signal. **Analog** Output Signal. ... 4 bit converter.

http://www-old.me.gatech.edu/mechatronics_course/DAC_F10.pptx

Date added: **July 2, 2012** - Views: **26**

Linearity - University of Texas at Austin

Data **Conversion**. **Analog**-**to**-**Digital** **Conversion**. Lowpass filter hasstopband frequencyless than ½ . f. s. **to** reducealiasing due **to** sampling(enforce sampling theorem) ... Above **formula** is related **to** discrete-time convolution. 7 - Interpolation From Tables.

http://users.ece.utexas.edu/~bevans/courses/rtdsp/lectures/07_Interpolation/lecture7.pptx

Date added: **February 20, 2014** - Views: **9**

QEC - **Analog** Devices

... High IF Sampling Cuts out one mixer stage Puts the final mixer requirements on the ADC Last IF mix done in **digital** ... * * **To** help the customer overcome some of the challenges of direct **conversion** receivers, **Analog** Devices has taken the lead in integrating DC and quadrature error ...

http://www.analog.com/static/imported-files/seminars_webcasts/Dec2009_QEC_Webcast.ppt

Date added: **November 12, 2011** - Views: **28**

Design Objective

Design an **Analog**-**to**-**Digital** **Conversion** chip **to** meet demands of high quality voice applications such as: ... Algorithm Detail **Digital** Design Decisions Discovered governing **formula** for **Digital** Resolution from Brandt and Whooley. 3 * log2 (256) = Resolution Changed our design from 18 bits **to** 24 ...

http://www.ece.cmu.edu/~ee525/projects/projects2006/GROUPS/W3/Presentations/4.ppt

Date added: **June 29, 2013** - Views: **5**

Slide 1

We can use the **formula** for bandwidth **to** find the ... **Analog** Transmission 5.1 **Digital**-**to**-**Analog** **Conversion** Amplitude shift keying Frequency shift keying Phase shift keying Quadrature amplitude modulation 5.2 **Analog**-**to**-**Analog** **Conversion** Amplitude modulation Frequency modulation Phase ...

http://www.cse.unr.edu/~mgunes/cpe400/cpe400f08/Lecture27.ppt

Date added: **September 15, 2012** - Views: **27**

Comp 445 - Aiman Hanna

... (Coder/Decoder) is needed in such cases D igital-**to**-**Analog**-**Conversion** Frequency Modulation (FM) Simple method of **digital** **to** **analog** **conversion**, Also known as ... bps The **formula** states that a higher BW and S/N ratio allow higher bit rate Hence, for the telephone system ...

http://www.aimanhanna.com/concordia/coen445/Presentation3-Analog_and_Digital_Signals_www.ppt

Date added: **May 12, 2013** - Views: **9**

... ADXL330 Taroko ADC setting Resolution: 12-bit Voltage reference Vref+ = 2.5 V Vref- = 0 V **Conversion** **formula** NADC is the ... one second **Analog** **to** **Digital** **Conversion** ADC takes two inputs Voltage ... 2 Equation **Analog** And **Digital** Interfacing Big Picture Sensors Signal ...

http://nslab.ee.ntu.edu.tw/courses/wsn-labs-fall-07/slides/Analog_And_Digital_Interfacing.ppt

Date added: **November 14, 2011** - Views: **96**

CSC 335 Data Communications and Networking I

... the number of bits in the string. That is why the **formula**:(signal may have up **to** 2n different amplitudes) bit rate = n * baud rate Nyquist Sampling Theorem Due **to** Harry Nyquist ... As such, it takes advantage of the fact that there is no **analog**-**to**-**digital** **conversion** at the ISP site.

http://www.cs.wcupa.edu/~yang/235ppt/lecture3.ppt

Date added: **October 23, 2011** - Views: **44**

Linearity - Electrical and Computer Engineering | The ...

... {…, -2, -1, 0, 1, 2,…} Ts is the sampling period. Sampling Consider audio compact discs (CDs) **Analog**-**to**-**digital** (A/D) **conversion** consists of filtering ... (n Ts) for - < n < . How **to** choose Ts? Using a **formula** x[n] = n2 – 5n + 3, for n 0 would give the samples {3 ...

http://users.ece.utexas.edu/~bevans/courses/ee313/lectures/06_Discrete_Time/lecture6.ppt

Date added: **July 21, 2013** - Views: **9**

Part 6 Data Encoding and Signal **Modulation**

Lecture 3 Data Encoding and Signal Modulation Introduction Data Encoding and Signal Modulation Advantages of Signal Modulation Amplitude Modulation

http://www.cs.ucla.edu/classes/fall03/cs117/lecture3b.ppt

Date added: **November 22, 2011** - Views: **31**

(H)DTV and the Broadband **Digital** Migration

... (w/ option of **digital** **to** **analog** **conversion**) ... Need mechanism (sharing **formula** or package bidding rules) **to** allocate cost of clearing broadcasters that encumber more than one overlay license Reduces free-rider problem ...

http://www.eecs.harvard.edu/~parkes/cs286r/spring04/lectures/DTV_Tokyo.11.07.03.v4.1.ppt

Date added: **October 8, 2011** - Views: **48**

Slide 1

Review. Transducer. Physical. variable. ADC. DAC. Actuator. Computer. Control. physical. variable..... **Analog** input (voltage or . current) **Digital**. inputs. **Digital**. outputs

http://people.sinclair.edu/nickreeder/eet252/PowerPoint/unit7.pptx

Date added: **May 13, 2012** - Views: **23**

Chapter 3 Data **Transmission** - Penn State Berks

... frequencies with varying voltage Limit frequency range for voice channel 300-3400Hz **Conversion** of Voice Input into **Analog** Signal **Conversion** of PC Input **to** **Digital** Signal Data and ... Shannon Capacity **Formula** Equation ... **Analog** and **Digital** Data Transmission ...

http://www.bk.psu.edu/faculty/nasereddin/ppu/p9.ppt

Date added: **November 28, 2013** - Views: **10**

... computer networks All data transmitted is either **digital** or **analog** Data is transmitted with a signal that can be either **digital** or **analog** All signals consist of three basic components: ... Sixth Edition * Loss of Signal Strength **Formula** for decibel (dB): dB = 10 x log10 ...

http://facweb.cs.depaul.edu/cwhite/Book/Slides%20Sixth%20Ed/Chapter%202.ppt

Date added: **January 28, 2012** - Views: **84**

Module 1.0: Introduction - KFUPM

A **to** D **Conversion** D **to** A **Conversion** Final comments Why 56k modems, ... Shanon **formula** and quantization limits data rate **to** 33 ... Amplitude Modulation Frequency Modulation Structure of Telephone System Need for A/D and D/A conversions **Analog** **to** **Digital** **Conversion** (Codec) Second step: ...

http://faculty.kfupm.edu.sa/ics/salah/082/ics343/slides/module_31.ppt

Date added: **October 26, 2012** - Views: **14**

204325: Data Communications and Computer **Networks**

... Data Communication and Computer Networks Outline Aspects of **Digital**-**to**-**Analog** **Conversion** Amplitude Shift Keying Frequency ... We can use the **formula** for bandwidth **to** find the ... Outline **Digital**-**to**-**Analog** **Conversion** Carrier Signals Sine Waves Revisited ...

http://www.cpe.ku.ac.th/~cpj/204325/slides/05-Analog.ppt

Date added: **August 2, 2013** - Views: **71**

PowerPoint Presentation

Note 4-2 **ANALOG**-**TO**-**DIGITAL** **CONVERSION** We have seen in Chapter 3 that a **digital** signal is superior **to** an **analog** signal. ... (defined by the Nyquist **formula**). Does this agree with the previous **formula** for Nmax? Solution A signal with L levels actually can carry log2L bits per level.

http://highered.mheducation.com/sites/dl/free/0072967757/281735/ch04.ppt

Date added: **July 16, 2014** - Views: **1**

Scanners/Capture Devices - Cornell University

Set **conversion** requirements greater ... (marginal) Resolution key **to** text capture, e.g., dpi Bitonal QI **formula** for text DPI = 3QI/.039h ... attributes: size, detail, tone, and color Appreciate imaging factors affecting quality and cost Translate between **analog** and **digital** Equate ...

http://www.cs.cornell.edu/Courses/cs502/2002SP/lectures/lagoze%2004-09-02.ppt

Date added: **May 23, 2013** - Views: **10**

PowerPoint Presentation

... C = 2B With multilevel signaling C = 2B log2 M M = number of discrete signal or voltage levels Shannon Capacity **Formula** ... processing done **to** compress signal **to** achieve similar signal quality with fewer bits --- called source coding **Analog** **to** **Digital** **Conversion** Once **analog** data have ...

http://teal.gmu.edu/~hnguyen/TCOM552/Lectures/TCOM552-Lecture-3.ppt

Date added: **January 30, 2013** - Views: **10**

Wireless Communications and Networks - George Mason University

... C = 2B With multilevel signaling C = 2B log2 M M = number of discrete signal or voltage levels Shannon Capacity **Formula** ... processing done **to** compress signal **to** achieve similar signal quality with fewer bits --- called source coding **Analog** **to** **Digital** **Conversion** Once **analog** data have ...

http://teal.gmu.edu/ececourses/tcom552/fall05/Session3.ppt

Date added: **June 14, 2013** - Views: **17**

PowerPoint Presentation

Aspects of **Digital**-**to**-**Analog** **Conversion** Amplitude Shift Keying Frequency Shift Keying Phase Shift Keying Quadrature Amplitude Modulation Topics discussed in this section: ... We can use the **formula** for bandwidth **to** find the bit rate (with d = 1 and r = 1).

http://highered.mheducation.com/sites/dl/free/0072967757/281735/ch05.ppt

Date added: **July 7, 2014** - Views: **1**

Slide 1

We got a signal... and now what? **Analog** – **Digital** **conversion** **Digital** signal; signal is a function of discrete ... Multiplicity Measuring energy: the Bethe Bloch **formula** Particles through matter A particle passes through a silicon thickness, generating e-h pairs e- and h+ are ...

http://www.lnf.infn.it/edu/stagelnf/2013/scordo.ppt

Date added: **August 10, 2013** - Views: **4**

Intro **to** **Remote Sensing** - University of Texas at San Antonio

Image Quality Many remote sensing datasets contain high-quality, accurate data. Unfortunately, ... inaccurate **analog**-**to**-**digital** **conversion**) ... Skewness is a measure of the asymmetry of a histogram and is computed using the **formula**: ...

http://www.utsa.edu/LRSG/Teaching/ES6973/Lecture/L3-sta.ppt

Date added: **May 21, 2012** - Views: **37**

Slide 1

We calculate the number of bits from the **formula**. Number of bits per level=log 2 l=log 2 8=3. Each signal level is represented by 3 bits. **Digital** Signal. Amplitude, Period, and Phase . for a **Digital** Signal. ... **DIGITAL**-**TO**-**ANALOG** **CONVERSION**. **Digital**-**to**-**analog**.

http://shashankforresearch.weebly.com/uploads/1/9/0/3/19033183/signals_physical_layer.pptx

Date added: **August 7, 2014** - Views: **1**

chapter 1

**Analog**: Continuous 1000.00 mV 0.00 mV **Analog** corresponds **to** real. 2 3 0 1 **Digital**: Discrete **Digital** corresponds **to** symbolic. From **Analog** **to** **Digital** 0.00 mV 1000.00 mV 500.00 0 2 3 1 250.00 750.00 Our **analog** signal had an infinite range of values in between 0.00 mV and 1000.00 mV The new **digital** ...

http://egr.spu.edu/bolding/EE1210/010-DigitalSystems.ppt

Date added: **October 6, 2011** - Views: **18**

Lecture - Bangladesh University of Engineering and Technology

... (also transmission flaws) Capacity of the media **Analog** Data, **Digital** Signals **Analog** **to** **Digital** **Conversion** ... The IAB designates some Request For Comments (RFC) ... (Nyquist **formula**) Data Rate: C = capacity or data transfer rate in bps B = bandwidth ...

http://www.buet.ac.bd/iict/iictcourses/ict6004/6004Week1.ppt

Date added: **October 11, 2011** - Views: **55**

Chapter 5 - Week 3

... 2000 5.* 5-1 **DIGITAL**-**TO**-**ANALOG** **CONVERSION** **Digital**-**to**-**analog** **conversion** is the process of changing one of the ... In the **analog** transmission of **digital** data, the baud rate is less than or ... We can use the **formula** for bandwidth **to** find the bit rate (with d = 1 and r = 1). (next ...

http://facweb.cs.depaul.edu/cwhite/TDC%20460/Analog%20Transmission.ppt

Date added: **October 7, 2011** - Views: **62**

... and hold circuits Desired linearity The quantisation of output samples Preventing ambiguity is the primary concern of signal processing. ... **Digital**-**to**-**Analog** **Conversion** **To** get around this, ... Jitter requirements can be calculated using the following **formula**: ...

http://tsime.uz.ac.zw/claroline/backends/download.php/RElHSVRBTF9TSUdOQUxfUFJPQ0VTU0lOR18yLnBwdA%3D%3D?cidReq=EE412

Date added: **February 27, 2014** - Views: **3**

Chapter 3 **Data Transmission** - Rivier University

... data rate supported by B Hz is 2B bps Can be increased by using M signal levels C= 2B log2M Shannon Capacity **Formula** Consider data rate ... **Analog** and **Digital** Data Transmission **Analog** and ... Binary **Digital** Data **Conversion** of PC Input **to** **Digital** Signal Data ...

http://www.rivier.edu/faculty/vriabov/CS553_ST7_Ch03-DataTransmission.ppt

Date added: **August 8, 2013** - Views: **6**

A Discrete-Time Signal Processing Framework **Digital** Systems: ... Reconstruction **formula**: * Veton Këpuska * **Conversion** of Continuous Signals and Systems **to** Discrete Time Sin function: ... (Sampling) of **Analog** Signals **Analog**-**to**-**Digital** **Conversion**. Continuous Signal x(t).

http://my.fit.edu/~vkepuska/ece5525/Ch2-Discrete-Time%20Signal%20Processing%20Framework2.ppt

Date added: **May 2, 2013** - Views: **10**

EET 159 PowerPoint Slides - Sinclair Community College

Data acquisition hardware (Sections 8.1 **to** 8.5): Not much on LabVIEW in these sections. ... **Analog**-**to**-**Digital** **Conversion** (§8.5) Before a computer can process **analog** information, ... **Formula**. 4-bit ADC. 10-bit ADC. Number of bits. n. 4. Number of output codes. 2 n. 16.

http://people.sinclair.edu/nickreeder/eet2259/PowerPoint/unit12.pptx

Date added: **June 17, 2013** - Views: **14**

PowerPoint Presentation

We calculate the number of bits from the **formula** Example 3.16 Each signal level is represented by 3 bits. ... We can install two converters **to** change the **digital** signal **to** **analog** and vice versa at the receiving end. The converter, ... we still cannot send the **digital** signal without **conversion**.

http://www.ics.uci.edu/~magda/Courses/netsys270/ch3_2_v1.ppt

Date added: **November 6, 2011** - Views: **13**

Wireless Communications and Networks - The Computer Engineers ...

... for encoding **digital** data into a **digital** signal is less complex and less expensive than **digital**-**to**-**analog** equipment **Analog** data, **digital** signal **Conversion** permits use of ... Ratio Shannon Capacity **Formula** Classifications of Transmission Media Classifications of Transmission Media ...

http://sgar91.files.wordpress.com/2011/09/ch2_transmission-fundamentals.ppt

Date added: **June 2, 2012** - Views: **28**

Wireless Communications and Networks

... **digital** signal Equipment for encoding is less expensive than **digital**-**to**-**analog** equipment **Analog** data, **digital** signal **Conversion** permits use of modern **digital** ... low number of required intermediate repeaters SNR sets upper bound on achievable data rate Shannon Capacity **Formula** ...

http://www.unf.edu/~zprodano/CEN4533C/lect1.ppt

Date added: **October 13, 2011** - Views: **39**

PowerPoint Presentation

... 5-1 **DIGITAL**-**TO**-**ANALOG** **CONVERSION** **Digital**-**to**-**analog** **conversion** is the process of changing one of the characteristics of an **analog** signal based on the information in **digital** data. ... We can use the **formula** for bandwidth **to** find the bit rate ...

http://science.kennesaw.edu/~yshi5/2520/ch05.ppt

Date added: **June 8, 2013** - Views: **3**

PowerPoint Presentation

5-1 **DIGITAL**-**TO**-**ANALOG** **CONVERSION** **Digital**-**to**-**analog** **conversion** is the process of changing one of the characteristics of an **analog** signal based on the information in **digital** data. Aspects of **Digital**-**to**-**Analog** **Conversion** Amplitude Shift Keying Frequency Shift ... We can use the **formula** for ...

http://www.philadelphia.edu.jo/courses/Engineering/Communication/ch05.ppt

Date added: **October 17, 2012** - Views: **14**

Chapter 3 **Data Transmission** - University of Bridgeport

... range for voice channel 300-3400Hz Voice Signal Spectrum Easily converted into electromagnetic signal for transmission **Conversion** of Voice Signal into **Analog** ... **Analog** and **Digital** Data Transmission Data Entities that convey ... Capacity **Formula** Consider data rate ...

http://www1bpt.bridgeport.edu/%7Esrizvi/03-DataTransmission.ppt

Date added: **May 4, 2013** - Views: **15**

MEASUREMENT AND INSTRUMENTATION BMCC 4743

... done **DIGITAL** SIGNAL CONDITIONING Sensor/transducer Signal conditioning Recorder/display/processor measurand * **ANALOG** AND **DIGITAL** Most measurands ... and **conversion** speed. * Rn=2nRf ... Slide 22 Example **Formula** **to** estimate A/D converter **digital** output Slide 25 Quantisation error Slide 27 ...

http://mochsafarudin.files.wordpress.com/2010/08/lecture6.ppt

Date added: **May 2, 2013** - Views: **17**

Chapter 1. Introduction **to** Data **Communications**

... (**analog** communications) only POTS (Plain Old Telephone Service) Enables voice ... s number of symbols transmitted per second General **formula**: b = s x n where b ... * **Analog** **to** **Digital** **Conversion** **Analog** data must be translated into a series of bits before transmission onto ...

http://www.dwaynewhitten.com/info306/ch3-11e.ppt

Date added: **October 14, 2012** - Views: **15**

PowerPoint Presentation

Solution We can use the **formula** **to** find the quantization. We have eight levels and 3 ... four consecutive zeros with 000V or B00V depending on the number of nonzero pulses after the last substitution. 4-2 **ANALOG**-**TO**-**DIGITAL** **CONVERSION** We have seen in Chapter 3 that a **digital** signal is superior ...

http://www.philadelphia.edu.jo/courses/Engineering/Communication/ch04.ppt

Date added: **February 20, 2012** - Views: **32**

Chapter 1. Introduction **to** Data Communications - Wiley: Home

... s number of symbols transmitted per second General **formula**: b = s x n where b = Data Rate (bits/second) s ... **Analog** **to** **Digital** **Conversion** **Analog** data must be translated into a series of bits before transmission onto a **digital** circuit Done by a technique called Pulse Amplitude ...

http://higheredbcs.wiley.com/legacy/college/fitzgerald/0471771163/ppt/ch03.ppt

Date added: **October 4, 2011** - Views: **46**

Multimedia Elements Sound, Animation, and **Video**

Sound, Animation, and Video Sound **Analog** wave patterns – these wave patterns have two attributes ... the sound waves must be converted from **analog** **to** **digital** form This **conversion** is called sampling ... Frame rate Image size Color depth **To** determine file size use the following **formula**: ...

http://tcet.unt.edu/weblibrary/ppt/soundani.ppt

Date added: **November 11, 2012** - Views: **46**

Lab 3: ADC - NTU

... Filtering Light Temperature Acceleration Humidity Pressure etc. Resistance Capacitance Current Voltage etc. **Analog** **to** **Digital** **Conversion** (ADC ... 10011101 Produce a proper output voltage level Converts voltage **to** **digital** ... ADC Signal Path General View **Conversion** **Formula** ...

http://nslab.ee.ntu.edu.tw/courses/wsn-labs-fall-07/slides/Lab_3.ppt

Date added: **February 10, 2012** - Views: **19**